Welcome to Solar Robotics online.
The fallowing robots are powered only by light, which means no batteries are required.
Make your own solar powered robot at home using things you probably
already have. Transistors, resistor, capacitor, solar battery and flashing LED are
available at any electronic store, if you don't already have them. Solar cells out of
calculators work as well, you might want to use more than one since they are really small.
If you do, connect the positive wire from each solar battery together. A small motor
should be used like the ones in walkmans. Solder everything together and watch it come
alive. Put it under a light and let it charge, it should take couple seconds for each
burst of energy. Works best in sunlight.
Things you will need:
|2.2V Flashing Green LED
|4700 uF Capacitor
|2.2 kilo-ohm resistor
How to make it:
Get your self familiar with the diagram below and with the components showed on it.
This is a schematic diagram for a simple solar powered robot.
|If you're into making your own boards here's a view of one from the bottom. The
blue symbols show where the components would be placed.
Finished solar powered robot. Click to enlarge.
How it works:
The energy collected by the solar battery is transfered into the capacitor. When the
capacitor is charged to a certain level, it lets out a burst of energy into the motor. The
bigger the solar cell, the quicker the charge.
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Last updated 29 VIII 2000